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Television Transferring on to the Internet

In Uncategorized on November 30, 2010 by JP League

Online video is going to replace television channels and the television in general.

         A growing trend with the Internet is the making and showing of videos. Websites like YouTube, Google videos, and Hulu are shaping the way television shows are distributed.

          Alan Greenblatt wrote in the CQ Researcher, “Viewers are ignoring broadcast schedules and watching programs via Internet ‘streams’ and iPod downloads”

          This is changing the future of the television. Greenblatt wrote, “. There’s an atmosphere of experimentation and uncertainty in the industry reminiscent of the dot-com boom, but television and advertising executives insist that the future of TV is bright.”

          Another thing changing the industry is the internet’s version of home movies. Greenblatt wrote, “Today’s proliferation of media platforms is triggering an explosion of user-generated content and challenging the television industry’s historic business model.”

          A reason that the Internet is hurting televisions is the availability of the internet. Greenblatt wrote, “One person now can watch a program in many different ways, whether downloaded onto a video iPod, clipped into smaller bites for snacking on cell phones or YouTube or streamed over the Internet on a network’s own Web site.”

          There is hope for television’s future success. Instead of using only the Internet for videos, they will use the Internet in conjunction with television. Greenblatt wrote, “Some industry experts predict that the new platforms — rather than ‘cannibalizing’ traditional TV — will increase its popularity by allowing people to catch up on shows they missed during their regular broadcast time. Television executives’ new mantra is that viewers can watch “what they want, when they want it, and how they want it.”

          Television still holds a large market share of the videos watched. Greenblatt wrote, “The broadcast networks’ audience share may be shrinking, and people may be uploading 70,000 videos a day onto YouTube but even the most popular ‘viral videos,’ which spread like a virus — such as the Mentos experiment — are watched by fewer people than a moderately successful network television show.”

          Greenblatt wrote, “There’s an atmosphere of experimentation and uncertainty in the industry reminiscent of the dot-com boom, but television and advertising executives insist that the future of TV is bright.”

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Newspaper Shutting Down Their Presses?

In Uncategorized on November 27, 2010 by JP League

 

            There is an ongoing debate on whether or not newspapers should still be printing a product.

            The argument for newspapers is they are a thing of the past and are obsolete. James Moore wrote in the CQ Researcher, “Newspapers have lost their place in our culture. A few are clinging to life, but they are only dinosaurs too blind and dumb to find a tar pit to stumble into and die.”

            Newspapers are having trouble making a profit and many are going out of business. In 2009, Tom Price wrote in the CQ Researcher, “Thirty-three newspapers — including the Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune and Philadelphia Inquirer — sought Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection from December through February.”

            The internet is taking most of the newspapers readership.

            Some argue that newspapers should still print because most people do not have a computer. Price wrote: “There was once a time when a lot of people didn’t have telephones or televisions either. Those devices are now ubiquitous, and computers can also be publicly accessed just as easily.”

            John Strum argues in the CQ Researcher: “Those who point to a recent string of bankruptcies and a few shifts to Web-only publication as the end for print are rushing to some shaky conclusions”

            Strum believes newspapers will merge with online to create a more better medium. He wrote: “The future is not print or online. It is both, creating a combined digital and print platform that makes newspapers the most efficient medium — and media buy — in any given market.”

            Newspapers are a very large medium and have a strong core. Strum wrote: “One mistake is to focus on the decline while ignoring the base audience. Every day, 105 million adults read the print product. …If a new medium had more than 100 million loyal, daily users we would be calling it the face of a new age of communication.”

             Some also think Newspapers are in decline because of the loss of revenues. Strum wrote: “Newspapers have a recession problem — the same recession that incinerated trillions of dollars in global equity and shut the doors of a growing list of well-known companies.”

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Newspapers Becoming Phone Applications

In Uncategorized on November 25, 2010 by JP League

            A new trend among newspapers to keep readership up is by creating their own phone applications.

            Phone applications, or apps, have enhanced the way people use their phones. WiseGeek.com wrote, “Applications on a cell phone can provide the phone with additional function and use.”

            Newspapers are now using apps to deliver their product a new and revolutionary way. Eben Esterhuizen and Alicia Sellitti wrote in The Motley Fool, “Readers are increasingly gravitating toward a virtual method of delivery, accessing their news via their computers and mobile devices.”

            The technology is not limited to just cell phones. It is spreading to tablet computers and eBook readers.

            Newspapers are adapting well to the new medium. John Aloysius Farrell listed the seven best iPad apps on US News World Report’s website and The Washington Post, the Wall Street Journal and the New York Times apps are listed at no. 6. Farrell writes, “The newspaper industry’s slow integration of print and video is no doubt a function of cost, and should be fixed over time.”

            Amazon.com’s eBook reader, Kindle, is the newest device to join the newspaper revolution. Mark Milian wrote on CNN.com: “Starting December 1, Amazon will give newspapers a 70 percent cut of revenue from digital versions of their editions sold in the site’s Kindle Store. That’s in line with what Apple and Google give developers selling apps in their digital markets.”

            Newspapers want to be in the newest medium to attract and keep readers. Milian wrote: “Tapping the growing mobile audience has obvious appeal for traditional publishers. For example, Apple has sold more than 125 million gadgets — iPhones, iPods and the iPad — that run its mobile operating system.”

            Some news outlets are avoiding the new medium with the reasoning that it will take away readers from traditional print copies. James Murdoch is quoted on the London Evening Standard’s website saying: “The problem with the apps is that they are much more directly cannibalistic of the print products than the website. People interact with it much more like they do with the traditional product.”

            Damon Kiesow wrote on Poynter.org that he does not agree with Murdoch. Kiesow wrote: “Fewer than 10 million iPads have been sold globally this year. Meanwhile, WAN-IFRA reports that 1.7 billion people read the newspaper every day. Tablet readership, in comparison, is still a drop in the bucket.”

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From Weblogs to Blogs

In Uncategorized on November 22, 2010 by JP League

             The history of blogging is short but has evolved over the years from a list of websites to a commentary on a variety of things.

             The first blogs were merely a collection of similar websites. Clive Thompson wrote in New York Magazine, “In January 1994, Swarthmore student Justin Hall creates first blog ever, Links.net.” Rebecca Blood wrote in her blog that in 1997, “Jesse James Garrett, editor of Infosift, began compiling a list of “other sites like his” as he found them in his travels around the web.”

             Jenna Wortham wrote in Wired.com, “On Dec. 17, 1997, Jorn Barger coined the term ‘weblog’ to describe the list of links on his Robot Wisdom website that ‘logged’ his internet wanderings.” It was not until April 1999 that “Programmer Peter Merholz shortens ‘Weblog’ to ‘blog,’” according to New York Magazine.

            These blogs were in a different form than the blogs today. Blood writes: “The original weblogs were link-driven sites. Each was a mixture in unique proportions of links, commentary, and personal thoughts and essays. Weblogs could only be created by people who already knew how to make a website. These were web enthusiasts.”

            These blogs evolved into what we see today. Blood writes, “These (new) blogs, often updated several times a day, were instead a record of the blogger’s thoughts: something noticed on the way to work, notes about the weekend, a quick reflection on some subject or another.”

            Blogs have become a major part of the internet because they are quick and easy. Wortham writes, “It’s the easiest, cheapest, fastest publishing tool ever invented.” Blood writes, “Blogger itself places no restrictions on the form of content being posted.” Its web interface, accessible from any browser, consists of an empty form box into which the blogger can type.”

            The blogging population is growing. Wortham writes, “There are more than 100 million active blogs, according to Technorati — a monumental leap forward from the relative handful of geeks posting online just a few years back.”

            Blogging seems to be the future and is here to stay. Wortham writes, “People can blog without needing a computer connection or more than a sentence they want to say,” said Hall, who was crowned “the founding father of personal bloggers” by The New York Times. “The internet is a richer place for all these participants and it’s clear that we’re not going back.”

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Paywall: Future or Folly?

In Uncategorized on November 18, 2010 by JP League

            A new trend among online newspapers is using paywall, which is where a potential reader would have to pay a fee to access the article or paper.

            This goes against the status quo of online media. James Rainey writes in the Los Angeles Times, “Many more people scoff at the mere notion they would cough up their credit card number for something the Internet has been delivering to them for free for more than a decade.”

            This appears to be at least some form of things to come. Rainey writes: “Newspaper publishers feel like they’re running out of other options. Pumping out professional reporting, photography, writing and editing can’t be sustained on a diet of notoriously dollar-lite Web advertising.” The lack of cost also hurts the previously stable income. “With their free websites, meanwhile, newspapers push battalions of readers away from their own print editions, which still bring in the lion’s share of the cash,” writes Rainey.

            News Corp. has embraced this strategy. Rainey writes: “News Corp. cut off content from its Times of London and Sunday Times four months ago, the audience to its websites plunged by two-thirds, to about 2.4 million. At the same time, the papers added about 105,000 paid customers online, about half via monthly subscriptions, the rest pay-as-they-read.”

            The drop in audience would seem like a bad sign. However, Alistair Fairweather writes in the Mail and Guardian Online: “That’s certainly not a disgrace, given that it only started charging in July. Each online user costs money — in bandwidth and computing capacity — and 105 000 readers are obviously a lot cheaper to serve than 20-million.”

            Some critics of paywall say that readers will stop reading those newspapers that have a paywall. Evan Britton writes on BusinessInsider.com, “the Web continues to head in a direction that doesn’t support a pay-to-read model.”

            A large portion of revenue comes from advertisements on their websites. Britton writes: “According to the Interactive Advertising Bureau, online advertisers spent $12.1 billion online during the first 6 months of 2010. That represents an 11.3 percent climb from the same time period in 2009.” This rise means that to attract more advertisers, newspapers would not want to drive away customers. Britton writes, “So, with more dollars being spent online, it’s in Web publisher’s interest to grow page views — not decrease them by 90 percent, which Thetimes.co.uk has done.”

            While the need to increase profits and look for the newspapers has led some to have a paywall, it does not mean that it is the best model for today. Fairweather writes, “That means the Times will need to expand its digital subscriber base by at least seven or eight times before it will be on par with what it was making from its old advertising-supported model.” A major problem would have to be solved be for a paywall would become standard. Rainey writes, “That means the Times will need to expand its digital subscriber base by at least seven or eight times before it will be on par with what it was making from its old advertising-supported model.”

Articles

Twitter’s Credibility

In Uncategorized on November 6, 2010 by JP League

            Twitter has transformed how breaking news is reported. It has made getting information quick and easy. There are, however, some drawbacks to its use as a news source.

            Credibility in Twitter is hard to find. Jake Coyle writes in the Huffington Post, “Just as quickly as Twitter has emerged as a news source, so, too, has its susceptibility to false rumors become abundantly apparent.” There have been many reports of celebrity deaths first published by Twitter that were not true. “Patrick Swayze, who is battling pancreatic cancer, recently had to defend that he is indeed still alive after thousands of Twitter users spread the news that he was dead,” wrote Coyle. Swayze has since passed.

            An example of Twitter losing credibility was during the terrorist attacks in Mumbai. TomsTechBlog.com wrote in a post: “If you watch Twitter you’ll see people reporting an attack at the Marriott Hotel in Mumbai. The problem is there was NO ATTACK on the Marriott. The Ramada hotel next door was attacked by several gun men but nothing’s happened at the Marriott.” There are consequences to this kind of reporting. The post continues: “Now imagine if you are someone who has family or friends at the Marriott right now. You would be scared out of your mind over information that is completely false.” This corrupts news sources.

            There are also problems with the format.  Coyle writes: “There are no follow-up questions on Twitter if the user chooses not to hear them. When tweets replace an interview or a press conference, something is lost.” This hurts transparency and only allows for one side of the story to be told at a time. Cyclist Lance Armstrong was under fire when he used Twitter as his only primary news outlet. Coyle writes, “It’s one-sided,” said VeloNews.com editor Steve Frothingham, who is a former Associated Press reporter. “It is us just sitting there taking what he’s giving. We can’t just not ask follow-up questions, we can’t ask any questions.”

One problem Twitter is addressing is people claiming to be celebrities.  Mark Suster writes in his blog, “In the early days of MySpace, blogs and even Twitter, this was a real problem because you never knew if it was the real person or not. Twitter has now solved this elegantly.” Twitter saw this problem and addressed it. Suster writes that to be sure that it is the real person one must “make sure that the top of their Twitter page says, “Certified”, which means that Twitter has verified that they are really that person.” However, this does not solve the problem completely. Suster writes, “Just because it is the “real” person doesn’t mean that they don’t have staff or ghost writers posting on their behalf.”

Twitter has revolutionized the way news has been conducted. However, Coyle writes: “But truthfulness remains the biggest problem: Those direct, near-instantaneous dispatches are far less reliable than old-fashioned journalism. News that circulates on Twitter, re-tweeted from person to person, can spread often too quickly for the tweet to be verified. False rumors spread daily on Twitter.”

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Twitter as a News Source

In Uncategorized on November 6, 2010 by JP League

            The micro-blogging service Twitter is more and more emerging as a news source. Mark Suster writes in his blog, “Twitter is as a way to get the news from the same sources you already get on the Internet or in print.” There are several reasons that one might use Twitter rather than getting the news the traditional way.

            One reason is aggregation. Suster writes, “It would be a pain for me to constantly remember to visit all of these sites on a regular basis.” Twitter eases his reading load and allows him to see what stories he wants to read. Suster writes: “(Twitter) is also a “push” news source and by definition it is only the headline (since you can only use 140 characters). But Twitter is both “real time” and is “distributed” so that I can read it on most any device, any time I want.” This allows the news sources to come to the user. Suster writes, “So when a breaking news story hits and if it is one that the NY Times is reporting on I will get it pushed to my Twitter feed.”

            Twitter has allowed for reporting stories easier. Jake Coyle writes in the Huffington Post: “Twitter has led some to think the press is in love with the 3-year-old micro-blogging service. But it’s a jealous love.” Twitter is now stealing some of the stories that other media would have had before it creation. Coyle writes: “Twitter’s constantly updating record of up-to-the-minute reaction has in some instances threatened to usurp media coverage of breaking news. It has also helped many celebrities, athletes and politicians bypass the media to get their message directly to their audience.”

It has also helped media outlets. Coyle writes, “It’s one more way a story might go viral and it’s arguably the best way for a news outlet to get closer to its readership.” It also helps drive readers to the media sites. Coyle writes, “Most outlets now have a presence on Twitter with a feed directing readers to their respective websites.” Twitter is revolutionizing the way news is run and is allowing for news to grow online and offline.